Contractors who need to move dirt, rocks, bricks, or gravel on a job site will need to use earthmoving equipment. The best type of earthmoving machine for the job will be determined by what needs to be moved and how. Although it may be tempting to use a single machine for multiple purposes, it is more efficient to choose the right machine for the task at hand.

Earthmoving Equipment and What They’re Used For: A Guide

1 – Excavators

An excavator is a machine that is designed to dig trenches, move earth, and lift materials. Excavators are designed for the toughest jobs, and they can be used for a wide variety of construction projects. Excavators are available in a wide variety of models, so choosing one will depend on the size, shape, and scope of the job.

2 – Bulldozers

This kind of machine uses a blade to push dirt, sand, rocks, and other material to the side or remove it completely. Bulldozers are used to clear a construction site or remove litter so that other work can commence.

3 – Scraper

Scrapers are machines that are used to clear the dirt, debris and trash from the site. Scrapers are available in different sizes and are used on different types of structures, including highways and airports.

4 – Loaders and Backhoe Loaders

This is a machine that is used to manually move and load dirt, concrete, dirt, sand, gravel, and other materials on a conveyor belt or truck. These devices also include a backhoe that can be used to lift and move soil.

5 – Grader

Graders are used to level the ground, remove excess dirt and debris, and level or smooth the surface of a paved lot or field. They are used to prepare a site for the construction of new buildings.

6 – Excavator with the Hydraulic Log Splitter

Hauling logs can be a tough task, but this powerful machine makes it a simple task. Hydraulic log splitters make short work of logs that are too large for the chainsaw to split. The hydraulic log splitter can be used with excavators and bulldozers to quickly break up logs in preparation for the firewood.

7 – Grapple Skidder

A grapple skidder is a machine that is used to move timber, logs, and heavy debris by pulling it across the ground. This is one of the most popular earthmoving machines because it is capable of handling almost any type of material.

8 – Trenchers

These machines are used to create trenches that are usually used for laying pipes. Trenchers can be used to make trenches in sidewalks, driveways, and other parts of the ground that will require the laying of pipes.


The most important thing to keep in mind when using a machine is safety. Every job site will have different earthmoving equipment needs. If you are considering purchasing some earthmoving equipment for your job site, it is important to know what you need and how you need to move it. An experienced, professional equipment dealer can help you choose the right machine to get the job done right the first time.

Should you be in need of excavating services in Medicine Hat, contact DL Nagel Excavating. We are a full-service Excavating company with 30 years of extensive experience in Mainline and facility Pipeline, Lease development, and reclamation. Water and Sewer repair and replacement, Installation of Cisterns and Septic Systems, as well as Demolitions, Snow removal and Residential Basements, and Lot levelling. We also provide gravel and equipment hauling across Southeast Alberta and Southwest Saskatchewan.